WHO FCTC Protocol

World Health Organisation Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) global treaty, and its Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. The Protocol requires all parties to implement secure track and trace systems by 2023.


The severe polishing of a coin in an attempt to improve its appearance and saleability to the uninformed.

Wet-glue application

The application of a coating of wet glue to a dry substrate before it is attached to an item. This is the main way of applying tax stamps to products.

Wet offset printing

An indirect lithographic printing process where a flat printing plate prints onto a rubber blanket that transfers the image onto the paper. The printing plate must be moistened with water before it is inked, with the water adhering to the non-image area.

Web printing process

Involves the feeding of a continuous roll (or web) of paper through the printing press. Web-fed offset lithography (as opposed to sheet-fed offset) is the predominant print process for tax stamps and other security labels.