Allows the identification of individual items within an outer package to be recorded and associated with a unique identifier applied to that package. The identifier can then be used to record the movement of the outer package (together with the movement of its...


The tampering of a product to extend its use by dilution or deliberate addition of a harmful substance that renders the product dangerous or less effective.


A means of sticking two surfaces together. In the anticounterfeiting context label adhesive should allow effective application but prevent unauthorised removal.

Additive colour

Colours created by the mixing of visible light emitted from different colour light sources.


A part of a device or machine that helps it to achieve physical movement by converting energy – often electrical, air, or hydraulic – into mechanical force.