Refers to holograms where the thickness of the recording material is much larger than the wavelength of light used for recording. One of the most common types of hologram (together with surface relief holograms), volume holograms are mass-produced through optical copying of a master hologram onto photopolymer materials, so they retain more of the optical properties of the master than the mechanical, surface relief process. This allows them to be used for classical holograms which are fully 3D images, displaying depth and both vertical and horizontal parallax. Volume holograms are either monochromatic or two-colour, with a distinctly different appearance to rainbow holograms, which are based on diffraction.